Spice Up Your Life: The Complete Guide to Caring for a Mexican Black Kingsnake

Welcome to the world of exotic pets! If you're looking for a pet that's a bit out of the ordinary, a Mexican Black Kingsnake might just be the perfect fit. These sleek, shiny creatures are not just beautiful to look at, but also make fascinating pets. But remember, owning a snake is not for the faint-hearted. It requires commitment, knowledge, and a sense of adventure. So, buckle up and let's embark on this exciting journey together.

Understanding the Mexican Black Kingsnake

The Mexican Black Kingsnake, scientifically known as Lampropeltis getula nigrita, is a subspecies of the common Kingsnake. Native to the deserts of Mexico and the southwestern United States, these snakes are known for their solid black, glossy scales that give them a unique, striking appearance.

These snakes are non-venomous and are known for their docile nature, making them a popular choice among reptile enthusiasts. They are also known for their appetite for other snakes, hence the name 'Kingsnake'. But don't worry, they won't be eyeing you for their next meal. They prefer rodents, birds, and eggs.

Size and Lifespan

On average, Mexican Black Kingsnakes grow to about 3 to 4 feet in length. However, some can reach up to 5 feet. They have a lifespan of around 20 years in captivity, so be prepared for a long-term commitment when you bring one of these beauties home.

It's also worth noting that these snakes are escape artists. They can squeeze through small spaces and are excellent climbers. So, you'll need a secure enclosure to keep them safe and sound.

Creating the Perfect Habitat

Creating the right environment for your Mexican Black Kingsnake is crucial for its health and happiness. Remember, these snakes are used to desert conditions, so they need a warm, dry habitat.

The size of the enclosure should be proportional to the size of the snake. A 20-gallon tank is usually sufficient for an adult. The enclosure should have a secure lid to prevent any Houdini-like escape attempts.

Temperature and Lighting

Temperature regulation is vital for these cold-blooded creatures. The enclosure should have a warm side and a cool side, allowing the snake to regulate its body temperature. The warm side should be around 85-88°F (29-31°C), and the cool side should be around 70-75°F (21-24°C).

While Mexican Black Kingsnakes don't require special UV lighting, a regular day-night cycle is beneficial for their overall health. So, it's a good idea to have natural light during the day and darkness at night.

Substrate and Decor

The substrate, or bedding, should be something that the snake can burrow in. Aspen shavings, newspaper, or reptile carpet are all good choices. Avoid using cedar or pine shavings, as these can be harmful to snakes.

Decorate the enclosure with hiding spots and climbing branches. These will provide enrichment and make the snake feel more at home. A water dish large enough for the snake to soak in is also essential.

Feeding Your Mexican Black Kingsnake

Feeding a snake is not like feeding a dog or cat. These reptiles have unique dietary needs that must be met for them to thrive.

As mentioned earlier, Mexican Black Kingsnakes have a taste for rodents. In captivity, they do well on a diet of mice or small rats. The size of the prey should be proportional to the size of the snake. A good rule of thumb is to feed them prey that is about the same width as the widest part of their body.

How Often to Feed

Young snakes should be fed every 5-7 days, while adults can be fed every 10-14 days. Remember, overfeeding can lead to obesity and other health problems, so it's important to stick to a feeding schedule.

It's also worth noting that snakes prefer their meals served whole, and preferably not alive. Pre-killed frozen rodents, thawed to room temperature, are the safest and most convenient option.

Health and Hygiene

Like any pet, Mexican Black Kingsnakes can suffer from a variety of health issues. Common problems include respiratory infections, mites, and digestive issues. Regular vet check-ups can help catch any potential problems early.

Keeping the enclosure clean is also crucial for preventing disease. Remove any waste promptly, and thoroughly clean the enclosure with a reptile-safe disinfectant regularly.


Shedding is a normal part of a snake's life cycle. During this time, the snake's eyes may turn a milky blue color, and they may become less active. Providing a moist hide box can help facilitate the shedding process.

Once the snake has shed, check to make sure the skin has come off in one piece. If there are any bits of skin left on the snake, this could lead to health problems.

Handling and Behavior

While Mexican Black Kingsnakes are generally docile, they may become defensive if they feel threatened. It's important to handle your snake gently and confidently to build trust.

Never handle your snake during or shortly after feeding, as this can cause them to regurgitate their meal. Also, avoid handling your snake when it's shedding.

Signs of Stress

Signs of stress in snakes can include refusal to eat, excessive hiding, and aggressive behavior. If you notice any of these signs, it's important to identify and address the cause of the stress. This could be anything from an inappropriate habitat to a health problem.


  1. Are Mexican Black Kingsnakes venomous?
    No, they are non-venomous and pose no threat to humans.
  2. Can Mexican Black Kingsnakes be handled?
    Yes, they are generally docile and can be handled, but always do so with care and respect for the snake.
  3. What do Mexican Black Kingsnakes eat?
    They primarily eat rodents, but can also eat birds and eggs.
  4. How long do Mexican Black Kingsnakes live?
    They can live up to 20 years in captivity with proper care.

In conclusion, Mexican Black Kingsnakes are fascinating creatures that make rewarding pets for those willing to meet their unique needs. With the right care and attention, you can enjoy the company of these beautiful snakes for many years to come. So, are you ready to spice up your life with a Mexican Black Kingsnake?

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