Slithering Through Georgia: A Guide to Identifying Snakes in the Peach State

Georgia, the Peach State, is home to a diverse array of wildlife, including a variety of slithering, scaly friends. Yes, we're talking about snakes! Whether you're an avid herpetologist, a curious hiker, or a homeowner wanting to know more about the critters in your backyard, this guide will help you identify the most common snakes in Georgia.

Understanding Georgia's Snake Population

Georgia is home to around 46 species of snakes, ranging from the harmless Eastern Garter Snake to the venomous Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake. While the thought of encountering a snake might send shivers down your spine, remember that snakes play a vital role in our ecosystem, controlling rodent populations and serving as prey for larger predators.

It's also worth noting that not all snakes in Georgia are venomous. In fact, only six out of the 46 species are venomous. So, before you panic at the sight of a slithering serpent, take a deep breath and remember that most snakes are harmless (and probably more scared of you than you are of them).

Common Non-Venomous Snakes

Let's start with the non-venomous snakes you might encounter in Georgia. These snakes are harmless to humans and can even be beneficial for pest control.

The Eastern Garter Snake, for example, is a common sight in Georgia. It's small, usually between 18 and 26 inches long, and has a distinctive pattern of three yellow stripes running down its back. If you see a small, striped snake in your garden, it's probably an Eastern Garter Snake.

Another common non-venomous snake is the Black Racer. True to its name, this snake is known for its speed and its solid black color. Black Racers can grow up to 70 inches long, but despite their size, they're harmless to humans.

Common Venomous Snakes

Now, let's talk about the venomous snakes in Georgia. While these snakes can pose a threat to humans, remember that they're not out to get you. Most snake bites occur when people try to handle or kill snakes.

The Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake is the largest venomous snake in Georgia, and it's also the most dangerous. It can grow up to 96 inches long and has a distinctive diamond pattern on its back. If you hear a rattling sound, it's a warning sign that you're too close.

Another venomous snake you might encounter is the Copperhead. This snake has a distinctive copper-red head, and its body is covered in hourglass-shaped bands. Copperheads are usually found in wooded areas, so be careful when you're out hiking.

How to Identify Snakes

Identifying snakes can be a bit tricky, especially if you're not a herpetologist. But don't worry, we've got some tips to help you out.

First, look at the snake's size and shape. Is it long and thin, or short and thick? Does it have a round head or a triangular head? These characteristics can help you determine whether the snake is venomous or non-venomous.

Next, look at the snake's color and pattern. Many snakes have distinctive patterns that can help you identify them. For example, the Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake has a diamond pattern, while the Copperhead has hourglass-shaped bands.

Using Field Guides

Field guides can be a great resource for identifying snakes. These guides usually include pictures and descriptions of different snake species, making it easier for you to identify the snake you've encountered.

There are many field guides available, both in print and online. Some popular options include the Peterson Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians, the National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles and Amphibians, and the online guide at


Are all snakes in Georgia venomous?
No, only six out of the 46 species of snakes in Georgia are venomous.
What should I do if I see a snake?
If you see a snake, it's best to leave it alone. Most snake bites occur when people try to handle or kill snakes.
What should I do if I get bitten by a snake?
If you get bitten by a snake, seek medical attention immediately. Even if the snake is non-venomous, a snake bite can still cause infection or allergic reaction.


While snakes might seem scary, they're an important part of Georgia's ecosystem. By learning to identify different snake species, you can better appreciate these fascinating creatures and stay safe during your outdoor adventures.

So next time you're slithering through Georgia, don't panic at the sight of a snake. Instead, take a moment to observe it from a safe distance. Who knows, you might just find a new appreciation for these slithering serpents!

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